A mammogram procedure uses a low dose X-rays to view and detect changes in breast tissue.
Woman's breast is composed of glandular tissue and ducts, fat, connective tissue and blood vessels.
A mammogram is routine X-ray screening test for women over the age of 40 or for those with breast related symptoms such as the lump or nipple discharge.
Before your mammogram make sure that breast and underarms are clean and you do not wear deodorant since it may appear on mammogram as calcium spats.
A screening mammogram is performed yearly as routine study for women over 40 when there are no symptoms related to the breast.
A technician will begin by placing one of your breasts between two specialized plates. The plates will compress to flatten your breast so that the camera can get clear pictures of your breast tissue. You may feel some discomfort during compression, but it will only last a few seconds. Then you will change position for a second picture which will be taken from a side. This procedure will then be repeated on your other breast. You will get results from your screening mammogram later usually with a couple of weeks.
A diagnostic mammogram is performed if a screening mammogram shows an abnormality or there are symptoms such as breast lump or nipple discharge. During a diagnostic mammogram X-ray images are taken from different views and ultrasound may be performed. You will get results of your diagnostic mammogram during your visit to determine the next steps in the diagnostics or treatment procedure.